Central and Alpine Region
‘BLOSSOM – Bridging long-term scenario and strategy analysis: organisation and methods’-Germany country case study- PDF Print
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EEA Technical report, No 5/2011
European Environment Agency, 2011

This report sets out the current status of the main institutional and governance arrangements for futures thinking in Germany with respect to environmental — and environment-related — policymaking. The report particularly tries to identify the success factors in ensuring futures thinking is embedded in environmental policymaking; however, barriers to success are also identified.

Over the past decade at least, the German Federal Government has developed a range of forward-looking analyses in several important policy areas, including sustainable development, renewable energy and scientific research. Some of these studies are used in policymaking, though the links between forward-looking analysis and policy decisions are not always easy to identify.

One important factor for success is that Germany has a multifaceted landscape of research organisations from the public and private sector that carry out forward-looking analysis. This provides a broad base of expertise, both within and outside of government. A few government bodies, notably the Federal Ministry of Education and Research, have gathered in-house expertise in managing forward-looking analyses. In the area of environment, both the BMU and the UBA have regularly carried out and commissioned forward-looking studies. Moreover, this type of analysis is well integrated into the research agendas of research institutes and advisory bodies.

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‘BLOSSOM – Bridging long-term scenario and strategy analysis: organisation and methods’-Austria country case study- PDF Print
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EEA Technical report, No 5/2011
European Environment Agency, 2011

This report sets out the current status of the main institutional and governance arrangements for futures thinking in Austria with respect to environmental — and environment-related — policymaking. It is an update of the case study report completed under the previous Blossom project in October 2009. The report particularly tries to identify the success factors in ensuring futures thinking is embedded in environmental policymaking; however, barriers to success are also identified.

Over the past 15 years, future-oriented analysis and studies have become an important part of the environmental policymaking process in Austria. Following the call to use forward-looking approaches in the 1994 National Environment Plan (NUP), Austria has developed a strong system and structure for the production and updating of forward-looking studies and scenarios of environmental themes.

One important factor in the environmental field has been the growth of institutional collaboration among the key organisations. In particular, departments, programmes and units of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management collaborate closely with the Environment Agency Austria with regard to the development of forward-looking studies related to the environment. In some cases, the Ministry calls on the Agency to coordinate specific activities with other institutions or universities (e.g. in case of the energy strategy, WIFO, IIASA and the Austrian Energy Agency, among others). This collaboration is linked to the clear division of responsibility between policymaking (in the Ministry) and analysis (led by the Environment Agency Austria and outside institutes).

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